Decorative element
Decorative element

Varnountas

Varnountas
Decorative item Decorative item

Varnountas

An impressive mountain range in the area, with an equally impressive fauna!


Varnous is an impressive mountain range at the edges of the Greece that is distinguished for its dense forests, the many streams and the extended alpine meadows that host a diverse flora and fauna, which is rich in endemic and rare species. Varnountas, which is also named Varnous, extends to the northwest of the prefecture of Florina. To the west of the mountain there are the two lakes of Prespa, whose basin can be observed from many view points on the slopes of Varnountas. The western slopes of the mountain within the Prespa basin are included in the Prespa National Park.


The mountain is covered by extensive forests of oak, beech and in particular places of fir and birch, while alpine vegetation is found on its highest peaks. The fauna of Varnuntas is rich and includes large mammals such as bears, wolves, deer and wild boars, while the presence of wild goats has been reported.


The mountain’s bird fauna includes many and rare species. At the top is the rare woodland-chicken which lives in particular wooded areas of the country borders. In this area, there are several predators, such as golden eagles, snake-eagles, wasps, hawks, sainia, double-sainia, rock hawk and tree hawk. On the bushy slopes there are still several partridges and at the lowlands live the rare valley partridges. There are seven species of woodpeckers living in Varnounta: black, pine woodpeckers, whitewashed, medium, Balkan, green and nano-woodpeckers. Moreover, hummingbirds live in the forested slopes, while eagle owls nest on the rocky ones.


During World War I, Mount Varnus was a stronghold of the German-Bulgarian military forces, therefore many violent and close battles took place in his area between these forces and the Entente Cordiale armies.

Photos

Map

Plates icon

Prespes GIS